A general care home is a social welfare institution created for the 24-hour care of people whose need for assistance and care means that they are no longer capable of living independently and whose ability to manage can no longer be ensured through the provision of other social services and assistance.
The responsibility for the financing of care services for adults falls mainly on the individuals themselves and/or their family members or providers and local governments. Only the care costs of those who were already living in general care homes as at 1 January 1993 are covered by the state.
Applying for a place in a social welfare institution
If an elderly person or his or her family member, provider or caregiver wish to apply for a place in a social welfare institution they must contact the care home directly or a social worker from their local government, who will explain the circumstances, conditions and procedure for obtaining such a place. If assistance is sought from the local government in covering the costs of the care home, the social worker has the client or his or her representative complete a written declaration.
Once a suitable institution is found, the individual who is to receive care (or his or her legal representative) enters into an agreement with the director of the institution setting out the conditions of living in the care home and the procedure for payment for services.
If the client’s local government is to assist in covering the cost of the services, a tripartite financing agreement is entered into between the parties.
The referral of the client’s general practitioner or a specialist doctor is required for the client to be transferred to a care home, as well as other material detailing the client’s state of health.
For further information about finding a place in a social welfare institution, the services these institutions provide and how these services can be paid for, contact a social worker from your local government or a care home directly.