In the Patient Portal, all patients can see and manage the health data of themselves and the people they represent (e.g. underage children, basis for guardianship) that have been gathered for treatment or diagnostics and forwarded into the Health Information System. At the moment, it is not possible for a patient to enter their data in the Patient Portal.
A user of the Patient Portal can book appointment times in the National eBooking system.
A user of the Patient Portal, can, by using their ID card, Mobile-ID or Smart-ID for logging in:
- see valid prescriptions and the history of prescriptions;
- see their health data e.g. documents compiled and entered into the Health Information System by health care professionals;
- apply for a health certificate for a driver’s licence;
- book and cancel appointment times for doctors and other health care specialists;
- appoint representatives for different actions (e.g. buying out prescriptions);
- submit declarations of intention;
- check by name, who and when has seen patient’s health data;
- see the treatment bills presented to the Estonian Health Insurance Fund.
In the future, there will be many more possibilities in the Patient Portal.
The Patient Portal is being renewed having the following goals in mind:
1. personal platform of getting an overview of and managing health-related matters, a platform for submitting declarations of intention and future guidelines related to Health Information System;
2. secure and controlled communication channel between patients and health care specialists, including being and information channel for forwarding relevant and science-based health information.
The development of the Patient Portal is funded by the European Regional Development Fund in the framework of a confirmed directive. The vision and content development of the Patient Portal is the responsibility of the National Institute for Health Development.
Patient guidelines are written aids for a patient that may include information about preparing for a procedure or a screening, about an illness and its prognosis, treatment, follow-up treatment and self-care tips.
You can ask for printed versions of Patient guidelines from your family physician.
The activities related to infertility treatment are regulated by the Artificial Insemination and Embryo Protection Act. This Act regulates artificial insemination of a woman with the sperm of a man and transfer of embryos created in vitro as well as the protection of embryos created in vitro.
Only adult women of up to 50 years of age who have active legal capacity are, at their own request, permitted to undergo artificial insemination. Artificial insemination is permitted if it is justified by medical indications and is prohibited if pregnancy or delivery is dangerous to the life or health of the woman or the baby or if other medical contraindications exist. A decision concerning the permissibility of artificial insemination shall be made by a doctor pursuant to the rules of medical science.
Since 2018, in vitro fertilisation (IVF), transfer of embryos and the related medication are fully funded by the Estonian Health Insurance Fund for women up to 40 years. Women up to 40 (included) can get the medicine needed for IVF from the pharmacy with a 100% discount rate. They will have to pay only the prescription fee, which is 2.5 euros, and the share that exceeds the maximum price, in case the medication is more expensive that the discount rate of the Estonian Health Insurance Fund.
Donation of cells, tissues and organs
The transplantation of biological material of human origin – cells, tissues, organs – is a life-saving way to treat some illnesses. At the same time, the clinical use of cells, tissues and organs is a very complex medical procedure related to serious risks. The deficit of cells, tissues and organs is an international problem both in clinical activities and in research. The deficit of finding suitable cells, tissues and organs for transplantation may lead to unethical and unlawful actions in this field. This why universal principles are followed in the practice of procurement, handling and transplantation of cells, tissues and organs.
The principles are:
Anyone can donate cells, tissues and organs based on their free will either during their lifetime or after death. A person can become a donor after death, if, during their lifetime, they have expressed their will to donate cells, tissues and organs after death, or, there is no data that would confirm them being against it.
You can express your will of becoming a donor after your death in the
- The donation of cells, tissues and organs has to be strictly voluntary, and it is prohibited to offer a monetary reward for that;
- The donors and receivers of organs (recipients) have to be fully protected.
In Estonia, it is possible to undergo the medical procedures connected to gender transition (hormonal treatment and different surgical procedures), and change one’s legal data related to sex (sex identifier, personal identification code and name).
The medical services related to gender transition are regulated by a directive no. 32 (07.05.1999) by the Minister of Social Affairs “Common Requirements for Medical Operations for Gender Reassignment”. The legal recognition of sex is regulated by Chapter 31 of the Vital Statistics Registration Act.
Last updated: 06.10.2022